AcehNese Traditional House, a special area in Sumatra

Aceh is one of the provinces in Indonesia that has an identity as a special region.

Nangroe Aceh Darussalam Province is known as the Porch of Mecca, where in daily life the people of Aceh apply norms and rules of life based on Islamic law.

Starting from the regional language, traditional clothes, traditional weapons, to the traditional house of the Acehnese tribe itself which has a unique design with the philosophical meaning contained in it.

After previously discussing the NTB Traditional House and the East Java Traditional House, now it is the turn of the Aceh traditional house, which I will peel off clearly.

History of Aceh Traditional House

The history of Acehnese traditional houses according to beliefs held by previous communities suggests that the house is not only a shelter but also an expression of belief in God.

The house is likened to a bridge of gratitude for the natural wealth given by God.

Therefore, the manufacture of Acehnese houses always utilizes materials that exist in nature.

Selected timbers are used to make poles, boards for walls, and roofs from rumbia leaves.

Acehnese people do not use nails to connect each pole, but are firmly tied with rattan or pegs. Unique?

Traditional Houses in Aceh are also famous for being earthquake resistant. When an earthquake, the pillars of the house that are firmly bound, will usually only sway without tearing down the house.

The Uniqueness of Aceh Traditional Houses

1. Building Structure Connection Without Nails

Typical Acehnese houses are made entirely from natural materials.

This is in line with the life of the community which is always close to the environment, apart from the fact that the availability of natural raw materials is still abundant in the past.

2. House Carving Shows Status

The house is not only seen as a concrete form of culture, but also a reflection of the social status of its owner. Acehnese traditional houses have decorations in the form of carvings around the house.

3. Low Door Size

The main entrance at Krong Bade is also unique, its size is lower than the height of the average person. The height of the door ranges from 120-150 cm. The design of this door aims to:

So that the incoming guest bows as a sign of respect to the homeowner.

4. Odd Number of Steps

This concept was chosen to prevent fierce beasts from entering the house. The floor height of the house is made with a size of 2.50-3m from the ground level, so a ladder is needed to fit into the house.

Specially, the steps of Acehnese traditional households are always odd in number. The number is between 7-9 steps. This odd number also has a meaning related to the religious values adopted by the people of Aceh.

4. Odd Number of Steps

This concept was chosen to prevent fierce beasts from entering the house. The floor height of the house is made with a size of 2.50-3m from the ground level, so a ladder is needed to fit into the house.

Specially, the steps of Acehnese traditional households are always odd in number. The number is between 7-9 steps. This odd number also has a meaning related to the religious values adopted by the people of Aceh.

5. Has 4 Parts of the House

The plan or layout of traditional Acehnese residences is divided into 4 main parts, namely:

  • Seuramoe Ukeu, the front porch used by residents of the house to receive guests, relax and rest.
  • Central Seuramoe, this is the core part that only certain residents of the house can enter. Uniquely, this room has a higher floor than other parts of the house.
  • Seuramoe licoot, inside there is a kitchen, a place to eat, and a place to chat with family members. The floor of this foyer is lower and has no spaces.
  • Lower chamber, used to store the crop.

Traditional houses in Aceh are increasingly rarely found, because modern people prefer concrete houses.

But don’t worry for friends who just want to find this traditional house, it can still be found in the villages, there are two places for those of you who want to see this traditional house, namely:

Aceh Museum in Banda Aceh, and
Cut Nyak Dhien House in Lampisan, Aceh Besar.
For more details, see the explanation of what traditional houses are in Aceh, below.

1. Rumoh Aceh (Krong Bade)

The first Acehnese Rumoh was the Krong Bade traditional Rumoh. This house has a shape like a stilt house.

Because the people uphold the teachings of the Islamic religion, it is not surprising that the construction of this house is based on orders from the holy book of the Quran.

The roof in this house has a function, as a storage place for family heirlooms.

The distinctive features of this traditional house include:

  • It has very high housing support poles, which are about 2.50-3 meters.
  • The building area is 200 m2 with a floor to roof base height of up to 8 meters.

Division of Rumoh Aceh Room (Krong Bade)
Here are some parts of the Acehnese traditional house, including:

1. Seuramoe Ukeu (Front Porch)

The front porch is a room that serves to receive male guests. It is located at the front of the house.

This room has a function as a place to eat, relax as well as a boy’s bed.

2. Central Seuramoe (Central Porch)

This room serves as a gathering place for all residents of the house.

In the central foyer there is a bedroom.

In addition, this central foyer room is also used as a place to bathe the corpse if a family member dies.

3. Seuramoe Likoot (Back Porch)

If the front porch is a room devoted to boys, then the back porch is his room for receiving female guests.

Its function is almost the same as that of the front porch.

4.Rumoh Dapu (Kitchen)

Rumoh dapu is a kitchen where you cook and prepare food.

The kitchen in Rumoh Aceh is located at the back of the house, or rather connected to the back porch.

5. Seulasa (Teuras)

Seulasa is commonly known by the name of terrace. The terrace is located at the very front of Rumoh Aceh and is connected to the front porch.

6. Rumoh Inong (Main House)

Rumoh Inong is the main house of all parts of the room in Rumoh Aceh.

Rumoh Inong is divided into two parts of the room separated by an alley that separates Rumoh Inong with the front porch and the back porch.

7. Kroong-Padee (Rice Barn)

Acehnese people are mostly working as farmers. Therefore, the Acehnese people provide rice granaries that are separate from the main building.

8. Keupaleh (Gate)

Keupaleh is the gate of Rumoh Aceh. Gates are usually owned by people or public figures.

This gate is one of the characteristics of the house owned by the community leader.

Gates are usually made of wood and shaded by cubicles on them.

9. Tamee (Pole)

Tamee which means pole is the main component that must be present in Rumoh Aceh.

This pole serves as the main fulcrum of this traditional house building.

The shape is round with a diameter of 20-35 cm and has a height of about 150-170 cm.

Each house has a different number of poles, such as 16, 20, 24, or 28 rods.

In addition to supporting the house, this pole also has a function, one of which is:

To facilitate the process of moving house without having to disassemble the entire contents of the house.

2. Rumoh Rangkang

Rumah Rangkang has a shape like a stilt house. Usually this traditional house has only one room.

This room is usually used by farmers as a place to rest after doing work in the fields / rice fields.

The building material used to make this building is also very simple, namely for the skeleton itself is made of ordinary wood while the roof is made of rumbia leaves.

3. Rumoh Santeut (Tampong Limpong)

Rumoh Santeut is one of the traditional houses that are usually owned by the people of Aceh who have low incomes.

The height of the room in the Santeut rumoh is the same, unlike the height of the room in the Aceh rumoh which is different.

This Santeut rumoh can be said to be a simpler Acehnese rumoh because it only has a height of about 1.5 meters.

Characteristics of acehnese traditional houses

The following are some of the characteristics in aceh traditional houses, including:

  • It has a water barrel on the front for a place to clean the feet of those who are about to enter the house. This feature has a philosophy that every guest who comes must have good intentions.
  • Having a ladder whose steps are odd in number, is a symbol of the religious nature of the Acehnese people.
  • The structure of the stilt house has the function of protecting family members from the attack of wild animals.
  • Rectangular and longitudinal in shape from the direction
  • It has many carvings and paintings on the walls of the house that signify that the people of Aceh are a society that loves beauty very much.

Hopefully, the information provided can be useful for all friends!

Feel free to share this article via your chat app or social media to get more to read.

Thank you for visiting.