Like the traditional houses of most tribes in Indonesia, Bali is also one of the regions in Indonesia that is famous for its culture and customs.
Besides being famous for culture, Bali is also very popular in the eyes of the world for its natural attractions which are famous for their extraordinary exotics.
Likewise with the traditional house, the Balinese people have Hindu customs, culture, and values that are still very thick.
So don’t be surprised if every traditional house you find in Bali has Hindu aspects in it, what are the traditional houses?
Come on, let’s look at it together with the following review!
Architectural Style of Balinese Traditional Houses
The Balinese traditional house or also known as Gapura Candi Bentar is a reflection of Balinese customs that are thick with Hinduism.
A variety of uniqueness and characteristics in terms of architecture have been contained in it so as to make Balinese traditional houses very attractive.
The architecture of The Gate of Candi Bentar consists of two buildings resembling a temple with the same shape and parallel to each other.
The building serves as the main gateway to the temple, after entering there is usually a temple (place of worship of Hindus).
This gate is a place to go in and out of the yard area of the house, in this gate there are also steps and iron fences that are interconnected.
Have you ever seen live or through television there are two archways that are parallel temple buildings in Balinese houses? That is what is called the Bentar Temple Gate and is the main characteristic of balinese traditional houses.
In essence, traditional buildings from the Bali area have special guidelines in erecting these traditional buildings such as using Asta Kosala Kosali.
Philosophically, asta kosala kosali contains the meaning of an order of way, layout, and layout of buildings, be it residential buildings / sacred place buildings.
Benchmarks in The Division of Rooms
As already explained, history says the rules for land placement are regulated in the Vedic Book (Asta Kosala Kosali).
Balinese house as a miniature universe and Bhuana Agung as a place of activity for humans / Bhuana Alit.
In the construction of traditional houses Bali also has corner guides, namely the north and east corners are considered more sacred than other corners.
House Building Rules and Archways of Candi Bentar
In addition to the Bentar Temple Gate, there are also traditional houses that are rectangular in shape and inside there are also several buildings that have different functions.
These buildings are surrounded by the presence of a large wall that can separate the outer and inner environment of the house.
Kinds of Balinese Traditional House Buildings
In Bali there are two most influential tribes in the form of traditional house buildings, namely the Bali Aga tribe in Kintamani and Karangasem and the Bali majapahit tribe.
As for some of the traditional Balinese house buildings, the details will be explained below.
As the name implies, Aling-aling is a barrier between Angkul-angkul and the courtyard that is a holy place.
The local community believes that the buildings in this Balinese traditional house can give a positive aura to the homeowner.
Inside there is a room that can be used for activities for its residents, even some people also use statues as barriers / stingers.
Angkul-angkul is a building that has a shape similar to the Bentar Temple Gate which distinguishes it, namely in this building there is a roof that resembles a pyramid.
Its function is not much different from the Bentar Temple Gate, which is as the main entrance.
Sanggah or Pamerajaan (Family Temple)
The Sanggah building is a sacred building that is usually located next to the northeastern end of the traditional house.
The function of the Sanggah building is as a place of prayer and also prays for large families, especially for Hindus.
House Room Structure and Functions
The name Of Gapura Bentar Temple turns out to have its own uniqueness judging from the design of the main door that is so large that it is deliberately not given a barrier.
In this building there are also carvings that are so unique that resemble the likeness of a temple.
If you go inside, you will see some of the wall fences that reflect the various life in Bali that is still thick.
In the traditional building you will find various rooms as well as their functions, here are some of them.
Bale Manten (Bae Manten or Bale Daja)
The room in this traditional house is intended for the head of the family or the daughter (virgin).
Bale Manten is a special room for both families and besides that no one should be allowed to occupy this building.
The Bale Manten room is placed to the north of the main building. This room has a rectangular shape and has 2 bales located on the right and also the left.
Bale Manten or also known as Bae Manten / Bale Daja is often a form of family attention to girls in the tribe’s family.
Bale Dauh or Bale Tiang Sanga
Bale Dauh or also known as Bale Tiang Sanga is a special room to welcome guests who stop by. The room in this Balinese traditional house also functions as a bed for teenage boys.
In addition, Bale Dauh is also used as a place of work / used as a place for holding work meetings.
Not much different from Bale Manten, the shape of Bale Dauh is also rectangular. However, Bale Dauh is on the west side and it is located indoors.
Another characteristic of Bale Dauh is the presence of support poles that differ in number from one house to another, and the position of the floor is lower than Bale Manten.
Bale Gede (Bale Adat or Bale Dangin)
Bale is taken from the word Balai which is usually interpreted as a gathering place. Similar to Bale Manten and Bale Dauh, the shape of Bale gede is rectangular.
The supporting poles of the Bale Gede building have a total of 12 poles.
The Bale Gede room serves as a place to carry out traditional ceremonies. This is why Bale Gede’s position must be higher than Bale Manten.
The Bale Gede building has a larger size compared to other traditional buildings.
Therefore, in addition to being functioned as a place for traditional ceremonies. This room is also used as a gathering place and a place to serve Balinese specialties and burn various offerings.
Bales Sakepat is a building almost the same as the gazebo. This building has 4 poles used for pavilium or children’s rooms.
This part of the Balinese traditional house also has another function, namely as a place to relax family members. This building can be said to be quite simple because it is only in the form of a quadrangle and the roof is in the form of a saddle or five.
Penginjeng Karang is a place used as a place for worship that specifically guards the yard, and not as a main place of worship.
This building is usually located at the front of the house, and there is a separate time to perform worship.
Lumbung are special places that are used as food storage, such as; corn, rice, and so on.
Paon or Pawaregan
Paon or pawaregan is a term to refer to the kitchen in a Balinese traditional house, this building is medium in size.
It is located to the southwest of the south side of the main house. Paon consists of two areas, namely:
- Jalikan area; Open space used for cooking, in this area there is a grill that uses firewood.
- Area Two; The second area is the Kitchen. Just like the kitchen in general, this room is used to store food and kitchen utensils.
Jineng atau Klumpu
Jineng or Klumpu is a building used by the community to store grain that has been dried in the sun.
This is done to prevent grain from being attacked by birds and avoid mold due to storage in a humid place.
As for the bottom of Jineng, it is usually used to store grain that has not been dried.
At first Jineng was made of wood. Jineng’s characteristic is that its position is made higher and designed like a cave with a roof made of dry thatch.
However, with the development of the times, Jineng today is often encountered with materials in the form of sand, bricks, cement, and so on. The roof also uses tiles.
Not everyone is familiar with this part of the room, even though it has a function that is no less important than other parts contained in the Balinese traditional house.
In general, the Bale Deod room is used as a place to receive guests or in other words the living room.
Another function of this room is for traditional activities and Bale death. If there is one of the families who died, it will be buried in this room first before the ngaben process.