Understanding The Traditional House of Central Java
The traditional house of Central Java or commonly referred to as Joglo has become a prima donna among the community in general. Although it has rarely been used as a place to live, The Joglo House is now a very interesting concept for restaurants or hotels. Visitors can also feel the atmosphere of the village in Central Java in ancient times.
Actually, some villages in Central Java still use Joglo Houses as a place to live. if you take a walk in a village in Central Java, you can still find the original Joglo house. But there are very few of them.
In some places, the house was vacated and used for ruwatan ceremonies only. People now prefer to build houses with a modern concept.
History of the Joglo House
Actually, the name of the Central Javanese traditional house bujan is only Joglo House. There are 4 forms of traditional residences in Central Java, namely the Panggangpe form, the Kampung form, the Limasan form, and the Joglo shape. The Joglo form is indeed better known when compared to other forms.
The Joglo house, in antiquity, was a symbol of social status and was owned only by capable or wealthy people. The materials for making Joglo are indeed much more expensive and more abundant. In addition to costing money, the time required is also quite a lot.
And it was because of this that the assumption that the Joglo house should only be owned by nobles, kings, and princes developed. Until ordinary people who have low incomes can’t afford it and dare not make it. People with low incomes will generally make Panggangpe, Limasan, or Kampung houses that are more economical cost and time.
Now, Joglo houses can be owned by various groups. More varied ingredients at affordable prices have been widely available in the market. This makes its manufacture cost-effective compared to ancient times.
Shapes and Materials of Joglo Houses
At first the Joglo house had a square shape with four poles in the middle. The pole is called saka guru. then to support the pole used a stacked blandar called intercropping. As the times progressed, there were additional spaces in the Joglo house. However, the base of the house remains square.
The basic material for making a Joglo house is Wood. Various types of wood can be used to make Joglo traditional houses. The wood commonly used in ancient times was teak, sengon, and coconut tree trunks.
Teak wood has always been a prima donna to be used as the main material in making joglo houses. The durability, durability, and strength of teak wood made teak wood the most important choice at that time. Joglo houses made of teak wood can even still survive today. Now, the manufacture of Joglo houses is done by mixing certain types of wood for various reasons, one of which is to save costs because the price of teak wood is currently getting higher.
Characteristics of Joglo House
The roof of the central Javanese traditional house is made of clay tiles. In addition, traditional people also use ijuk, thatch, or reeds to make the roof of their house. The use of materials from nature with a high roof makes residents feel cool and comfortable to live in.
Air circulation in the Joglo house is very good. The roof made multi-tiered holds its own meaning. The gradual height of the Joglo roof has a relationship with the movement of the human being with the air felt by him.
In addition to the shape of the multi-storey roof, one of the things that is characteristic of the Joglo house is the shape of the roof. The roof of a Joglo house is a fusion of two triangular roof planes with two trapezoidal roof planes. On the roofs it has a different angle of inclination. The roof of the Joglo is always in the middle and flanked by the roof of the portico.
The combination of the Joglo roof and the portico is of two kinds. The first combine has the name of the Coat of Arms of Sari. The roof of Joglo Lambang Sari is a Joglo roof that is connected to the porch roof. The second combination is a combination of leaving air holes on the roof. This combination is the name of the Hanging Emblem Roof.
The design of the Joglo house itself is not arbitrary. Those designs have been narrowed down to several Joglo. The names of Joglo’s houses are Pangrawit, Jompongan, Limasan Lawakan, Tinandhu, Mangkurat, Sinom, and Hageng.
Joglo House Philosophy
The giving of the name Joglo to the central Javanese traditional house is a condition with various meanings. The word Joglo is taken from the words “tajug” and “loro”. The meaning of the word is the merging of two tajugs. The roof of Joglo’s house is indeed in the shape of a spur that resembles a mountain.
Javanese people in general strongly believe that the mountain is a sacred symbol. In their opinion, the mountain is the abode of the gods. Because of this, two tajugs were chosen as the roof shape of the Central Javanese traditional house. The roof of Joglo’s house is supported by four main pillars called Saka Guru. The pillars are representations of the cardinal directions of east, south, north, and west.
The Joglo house consists of three parts, namely
- front (pendapa)
- middle (pringgitan),
- main room (dalem).
Joglo House Section Section:
Pendapa is right on the front. This shows that the nature of the Javanese is friendly and open. In order for guests to be able to sit, generally the pendapa is equipped with mats. The use of mats is intended so that there is no gap between guests and homeowners.
This section is the place where puppet performances are held. Generally used during ruwatan ceremonies. Here, the homeowner also symbolizes herself as Dewi Sri. Dewi Sri is a goddess who is considered the source of all life, fertility, and happiness.
- Dalem or the main room of the family.
Here, there are rooms called senthongs. In ancient times, sentong was only made in three cubicles. The first room is for the male family, the second room is vacated, and the third room is for the female family. Why was the second room vacated?
The second room, called krobongan, is used as a place to store heirlooms as adoration to Dewi Sri. This room is considered the most sacred part of the house. Although this room is vacated, this room is still filled with beds and furnishings.