Get to know the 4 names of Betawi traditional houses

Rumah Kebaya is the name of the traditional house of the Betawi tribe, the majority of which are in DKI Jakarta. At first glance, the name of the Kebaya house sounds like a type of Sundanese traditional clothing, right? That’s right!

So the beginning of the naming of this Kebaya house, inspired by the shape of the roof that resembles a saddle that is crossed, and when viewed from the side, it will look like a fold on Kebaya’s clothes.

In general, there are 4 types of Betawi traditional house names, namely; Kebaya house, Warehouse, Joglo, and Stilt.

For more details, here is an explanation of the 4 traditional houses of the Betawi tribe.

1. Kebaya House

Rumah Kebaya or known as Rumah Bapang is an original Betawi traditional house that has a roof shape resembling a gable that is folded like a fold on a Kebaya shirt.

This traditional house has the characteristics of a spacious terrace and there are benches, chairs and tables, this shows that the Betawi people have an open nature and respect anyone.

In addition, this traditional house is also surrounded by a fence with a height of about 80 cm made of wood, another name for the fence of the Kebaya house is “ledge”.

The fence was made not without intention, but as a form that the Betawi people would limit from negative things, especially on the religious side.

Inside kebaya’s house, there are also several rooms with different functions, here are some of them:

  • Paseban, this room is shaped like a room used to stay for guests. If you want to visit then stay overnight. Well, later you will be placed in this room.
  • Terrace, a spacious room before the entrance equipped with tables and chairs to receive guests or as a place to relax.
  • Pangkeng, this room is used to relax family members at night so that the relationship between families is warmer and more intimate.
  • Srondoyan, this room is also called the kitchen.

MateriaMaterials of Kebaya House Making

In ancient times, Kebaya houses were generally only owned by those who belonged to the most prominent group of people.

As an official traditional house for the Betawi tribe, of course, the Kebaya house has a variety of uniqueness in it, one of which is in terms of the materials used.l Making Kebaya Houses

In ancient times, Kebaya houses were generally only owned by those who belonged to the most prominent group of people.

As an official traditional house for the Betawi tribe, of course the Kebaya house has a variety of uniqueness in it, one of which is in terms of the materials used.

The materials in Kebaya houses are classified into three types, namely; foundation materials, wall materials, and roofing materials.

1. Foundation Material

The foundation on the Kebaya house is made of stone arrangements with a umpak system that is placed under each column.

As for the wall foundation, it uses masonry, with columns made of jackfruit wood

2. Wall Material

The walls in Kebaya houses usually use gowok wood / jackfruit wood which is painted in bright colors, such as; green/ yellow color.

As for the other walls, they use wicker made of bamboo with / without installing bricks at the bottom.

On the door leaf, there is a jalusi (air hole) so that the air in the room is always changing. This aims to keep the room fresh and air circulation maintained.

3. Roofing Material

The roof of this traditional house is made of clay tiles, but there are also those who use atep (woven kirai leaves).

As for the construction of gording horses (the main block in charge of holding the elements of the roof frame structure) using gowok wood or it can also use lyre wood.

Batten as a tile roof stand, made of split bamboo with a size of 2 cm × 3 cm or 3 cm × 4 cm.

While the rafter functions as a batten stand made of whole bamboo with a size of 4 cm × 6 cm or 5 cm × 7 cm.

Each batten uses bamboo rope, which is bamboo whose stems (after being split) can be used as ropes. The diameter for the rafter is 4 cm.

2. Warehouse House

The name of this Betawi traditional house may sound unfamiliar to you, because usually the Warehouse house is located in a remote area with the original shape of the building.

The Barn House is rectangular in shape with varying sizes. It is said that this house was inspired by several Portuguese-owned warehouse buildings, except that the roof is shaped like a horse saddle with a typical Betawi easel skeleton arrangement.

While on the front of this traditional house there is a sloping roof called passion fruit / hat. This passion fruit serves as a barrier to exposure to sunlight and rainwater.

Unlike other Betawi traditional houses, this house has only two parts, namely; the front and the middle. As for the back, it is joined by the middle.

The front is used as a place to receive and entertain guests. While the middle part is used for family room, dining, sleeping room, and others.

3. Joglo Betawi House

The building shape of the Joglo Betawi House is almost similar to the Joglo house in Central Java. The difference is, if the roof of the Javanese Joglo house uses support poles, it is different from the Joglo Betawi house which uses an ordinary easel structure.

In general, Joglo Betawi houses have a square-like plan. Even so, the actual shape is still a rectangle whose one of the long lines is from the left to the right of the vestibule.

On the inside of the Joglo house, there are three main rooms with different functions, including:

  • The vestibule or also called the front porch is used to receive guests.
  • The living room is used to gather with the family.
  • Back room as kitchen and bathroom.

Usually this type of traditional house is located in an urban area and is owned by people with a fairly high social status.

4. Betawi Stage House

Rumah Panggung is one of the original houses of the Betawi tribe. This traditional house was built by the Betawi people who live in coastal areas or in watersheds.

The choice of the shape of the stilt house is adapted to the environment so that it is expected to avoid overflowing river water, sea water, or wild animals.

The connecting staircase that connects the main building with the outer area is called “balaksuji” which contains the meaning of being a barrier to the entry of disasters into the house and as a medium for self-purification before entering the house.

The materials used in the manufacture of stilt houses are mostly wood, because in addition to being easy to form, wood is also easy to find.

In this type of Betawi traditional house, there are many typical Betawi ornaments that are simple but unique. The shape of the ornament is in the form of geometric carvings, such as; quadrangle, rhombus, to circle. These carved ornaments can be found on the door leaves, windows of the house, and other parts of the house.

This typical Betawi Stage House can be found in the Marundo Pulo area, North Jakarta, some of its conditions are no longer maintained because they are left by their owners. However, there is one stilt house that is still guarded and preserved today, that is the Si Pitung House which is located in Marunda village.