Indonesian traditional houses found in West Nusa Tenggara in addition to having an unusually beautiful natural exoticism also store millions of uniqueness in the culture of its people.
In this area there are also many tribes, including the Bima Tribe, Sumbawa Tribe, and Sasak Tribe.
The progress of civilization in the people of NTB Province is also inseparable from the existence of a house building that has been designated as a traditional house of West Nusa Tenggara.
One of them is the famous house, namely the traditional house ‘Loka’. This house has some uniqueness, both in terms of its architecture and philosophical value.
6 List of West Nusa Tenggara Traditional Houses
Well, after previously discussing the East Nusa Tenggara Traditional House (NTT) and also the South Sumatra Traditional House, now it is the turn of the NTB traditional house (West Nusa Tenggara) which will be explained clearly.
There are at least six traditional houses in the province of West Nusa Tenggara that you should know.
Here’s the explanation.
1. NTB Traditional House – In Loka
The name In Loka, comes from two words namely in the meaning of ‘palace’ and loka which means ‘world’
So if it is concluded, this custom house is interpreted as a world palace.
Why is it so named?
Because the function of the traditional house in Loka itself is the residence of the kings and the center of government of the king of Sumbawa in ancient times.
Because of its function as the residence of the king, so it is not surprising that the traditional house in this Loka has a very large size and supports with 99 poles.
Division of Traditional House Rooms in Loka
1. Lunyuk the Great
Lunyuk Agung is a room located in the frontmost area of the in-loka traditional house.
Its function is to hold meetings, deliberations, and also carry out wedding receptions.
2. Lunyuk Mas
Lunyuk Mas is a room next to Lunyuk the Great.
This room is used for the empress, the minister’s wife, and the staff during traditional ceremonies.
3. Western and Northern Inner Space
This room is partitioned and insulated using mosquito nets.
The western part serves as a place for worship (prayer). While the northern part is used for the beds of empresses and court ladies.
4. Eastern Inner Space
In the east inner room there are 4 rooms for the beds of the sons and daughters of the married king.
The courtroom is used as a courtroom and also a sleeping room for court ladies.
It is located behind the bala rea (large graha).
The bathroom is located outside the parent room.
7. Bala Bulo
A playground for the king’s child.
8. The Outside of the Traditional House
Not only the inside is beautiful and has many functions, the outside of the traditional house in Loka as well.
2. NTB Traditional House – Sumbawa Palace
The traditional house of Sumbawa Palace was developed during the reign of Sultan Muhammad Jalaluddin Shah III.
This traditional house can be found in Sumbawa Besar City.
The function of this house is as a place for the king to live and a place to store valuable objects or artifacts that have value in Sumbawa Regency.
3. NTB Traditional House – Bale Lumbung
Bale Lumbung is a traditional house characteristic of the Sasak tribe.
This is because of its very unique shape, namely the tip of the roof that is pointed and widens slightly and then straight down until the bottom widens again with a distance of 1.5 – 2.0 meters from the ground 1.5 – 3.0 meters.
The shape of this house is a stilt house whose purpose is to prevent this house from being easily damaged due to floods and rat pest attacks.
The ridges and roofs of the Bale Lumbung traditional house are made of straw or reeds.
The use of the roof of this traditional house is to put rice obtained from the harvest of several family members.
The walls are made of woven bamboo, while the floor is made of boards supported by four large poles with a foundation of bricks and earth.
4. NTB Traditional House – Berugaq Sekenam
Berugaq Sekenam traditional house is a traditional house that has a fairly large building size, which is about 8×3 meters.
This house has the uniqueness of having six poles that support it.
Indigenous people in NTB use this house for various major events such as weddings and thanksgiving.
In addition to functioning as a large event, the Berugaq Sekenam traditional house is also used for teaching and learning activities (KBM) regarding manners, values that contain culture.
Berugaq Sekenam is also used by the people of NTB to gather together.
Berugaq Sekenam actually has a similar shape with Berugaq Sekepat. But the difference is the number of poles in the building.
5. NTB Traditional House – Bale
Bale is a traditional house of the Sasak tribe, West Nusa Tenggara, more precisely in Sade Hamlet, Rembitan Village, Pujut, Central Lombok.
This Sade hamlet remains loyal to maintaining the preservation of this traditional house so that we can still see it today.
The Sasak tribe itself has several rules when they want to build this bale traditional house, namely by choosing the time to build because they believe that if they do not follow the rules, they will have bad luck when occupying the house.
The West Nusa Tenggara traditional house in Sade Hamlet has several kinds of bales whose roofs are all made of straw or reeds and have different functions.
Some of the types of bales include:
- Bale Bonter.
- Bale Jajar.
- Bale Tani.
- Berugag or sekepat.
- Bale Header.
- Bale Bencingah.
- Bale Mountain Rate.
- Bale Balaq. and
- Bale Kodong.
6. NTB Traditional House – Bale Jajar
Rumah Bale Jajar is the residence of the Sasak tribe which has an upper-middle economic level.
This house is almost the same as Bale Tani, but it has more space than the farmhouse.
This traditional house has two rooms in the building or called Bale and one portico called Sesangkok.
Inside Bale there is also a porch that functions as a place to store groceries and various home needs.
In addition, the front of the house is equipped with a fitting and the back is equipped with a sekenam.
Thus the explanation of the NTB Traditional House complete with its explanation, Hopefully it will be useful and add to your insight into the culture in our beloved country.
Don’t forget to also read other articles.
Thank you for your visit.