Home Network – Since network is ubiquitous in today’s world, building it in our home seems necessary when moving to a new home. However, millions of households are haunted by the dreaded network cable. Cables are usually tucked away in corners, tangled around the ceiling, or tangled behind appliances. If you want these problems to be solved, a good home network plan is a must. Have you ever thought about setting up a fiber optic home network using network cables all by yourself? This article can be the guide for beginners.
A good fiber optic home network benefits visual cleanliness. The house will be expensive if there are fewer cables on the surface. Most wires will be installed through the walls. The risk of cable clutter is significantly reduced and you don’t have to worry about tripping over the cables. Installing a good home network also increases the value of the home. If the house is for sale in the future, a built-in network can certainly increase the price potential. In addition, when you set up the network, you can add some aesthetic designs to your home, such as painting the wall in a new color or moving wall panels to suitable places.
There are generally three types of home network connections. Choosing a suitable type for the network is also important.
Setting Up New Home Network
Ethernet or LAN networks use physical cables to connect to the LAN port of the router or network switch. The speed for Ethernet cables can be up to 1 Gbps. The cable length usually goes up to 100 meters without any impact on performance. Using a wired network is more secure and reliable. However, if you want to get rid of cable clutter altogether, there are better alternatives.
People today are familiar with the wireless network. It is the network that works wirelessly through radio waves. The latest 802.11ac standard defines the Wi-Fi network for the maximum gigabit speed. Wireless network provides easier access to mobile devices and is easy to install. However, the signal also has a limited range and is quickly disturbed by other devices or buildings.
Power line network, known as Ethernet over Power (EoP) is run over the existing wiring. Using adapter plugs, it can be connected to small devices with standard Ethernet cables. It is a good option when installing traditional network cable is not possible, but you want better performance than wireless.
Effective Home Network Setup Diagram For Your House In 2022
Central hub, Ethernet jack, wall plate and Ethernet cable are some of the basic components for the home network. Technically, a simple 8-port switch could accomplish your goals in the central hub. Ethernet connection makes the installation more professional and allows easier connection to the wall plate. The wall plate also provides a more convenient and stable place for connecting cables. Ethernet cable is obviously indispensable and should be selected according to your needs.
When the Ethernet ports on the router are low, you can buy a new one to add more ports and expand the wired network. As for the wireless network, the problem is always about the signal coverage range. You can try the commercial WiFi extender, or use metal to point the antenna in a specific direction.
Many houses are now building networks in their places. A beautiful fiber optic home network can provide you with a better online experience. This post only provides some basic knowledge about home network. If you are unprofessional, consult the specialists before starting construction. Last week my dad came from Virginia to help us install fast Ethernet lines throughout the house. Not only does this make it easy to set up multiple wireless access points for better coverage, it also provides a high-speed data backbone throughout the home. In addition to the Internet connection to every room, the wired local area network (LAN) allows us to stream high-quality video and audio throughout the house.
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Setting up a wired LAN in your home is somewhat unusual because most people are fine with a wireless connection. But it offers some clear advantages over a dedicated wireless network:
We wired our house for Gigabit Ethernet (1000Base-T) which has a maximum speed of 1000 Mbps – about 20 times faster than what most people will get on a wireless network (54 Mbps). This does nothing for your internet speeds, which are limited by your ISP (Comcast, Verizon, etc.) and are generally much slower than even a wireless network, but it allows for fast data transfer around the home, which is useful for sharing .file servers and streaming media to other devices in the home.
Latency is a measure of how long it takes for a data packet to reach its destination. It is different from bandwidth and is more important for live communication (online games, chatting) than for downloads. Wired networks have significantly lower latency than wireless networks.
How To Upgrade My Home Network , Diagram Included.
Wi-Fi signals are radio waves that are subject to degradation for various reasons. Poorly shielded devices, such as microwave ovens and cordless phones, often interfere with Wi-Fi connections. Other nearby Wi-Fi networks are also a source of interference, and in densely populated residential areas it can be difficult to find an available channel. Even the layout/construction of your home plays a role in how radio waves travel.
Wi-Fi routers, especially the low-cost home models, often become saturated when too many devices are connected. Removing our desktops and set-top boxes from the wireless network provides more wireless bandwidth for devices that cannot use a wired connection.
Even doing everything yourself adds up to the cost of wire, connectors, patch panels and faceplates (~$5 per connector + $100 per thousand feet of cable). You’ll also need a few special tools to complete and test the wires, which can be an expensive investment for a one-time project. Then there is also the issue of who controls the entire network. At a minimum, you’ll need a network switch ($20-$150, depending on size) and router (a home Wi-Fi router will do). And few nerds can settle for the minimum – we opted for a half-sized server rack full of various components.
Home Network Security
No matter what shape your home is, adding a LAN to an existing home means punching some holes in the wall. Depending on how your home is built, laying wire can range from a minor hassle to a complete nightmare. Some homes may be laid out in such a way that it is impossible to run cables through the walls. If you’re not too concerned about looks and have a smaller house, you can run wires along the baseboards (they’re very low voltage, so shock isn’t an issue), but you’ll probably still have a few holes. To bring them all to a central place.
My parents have an unfinished basement and a fairly accessible attic space, so running cables through their house is pretty easy. Our house has insulation even inside the interior walls, and no attic to speak of, which made running wires a huge hassle with punching a lot of holes in the drywall and fishing out the wire with a long cable.
Unlike a wireless connection, your wired Ethernet is stuck where you put it. If you decide later that you want your computer across the site, you will have to cross a long cable. For this reason, we have both wired and wireless networks at home. Multiple WiFi access points connected to the wired network ensure that the entire house has good WiFi coverage.
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If wiring a home for Ethernet is unusual, our network setup is downright overkill. But if you’re going to put the time and energy into wiring, you might as well go all the way, right?
Our internet comes into the house thanks to Comcast and is operated by a mid-range Buffalo consumer router. We originally planned to run a dedicated Smoothwall server, but our collection of old, dead computer hardware was a little older and more dead than we’d hoped. The Buffalo router runs an Open Source firmware called DD-WRT that allows us to do some advanced network management. Two 24-port network switches are connected to the router.
There are 34 network drops (individual lines) running from different rooms in the house to a closet in the basement. These are terminated in one of two patch panels – long strips of RJ-45 connectors to which you can connect Ethernet cables (patch cables). A patch cable runs from each connection in the patch panels to the network switches.
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Throughout the house there are wall plates with jacks connected to the wires that run to the basement. All of our computers, printers and video game consoles plug into a wall outlet. There will also be two WiFi access points connected, one upstairs and one downstairs. The router we chose is also a Wi-Fi access point, but due to its location (a closet in the basement) the signal probably won’t get very well.
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