North Sumatra Traditional House

Traditional houses located in North Sumatra have many uniqueness compared to other traditional houses. This is because in the province of North Sumatra, the majority of the people are dominated by the Batak tribe.

The Batak tribe is still grouped into several sub-tribes, including; the Karo tribe, the Simalungun tribe, the Toba tribe, the Pak-pak tribe, the Angkola tribe, and the Mandailing tribe.

Each sub-tribe has a traditional house with different characteristics and uniqueness, both in terms of architecture, design, or features.

List of Names of North Sumatra Traditional Houses
The province, which has thousands of cities in Medan, is mostly inhabited by batak tribes. The Batak tribe is the second largest tribe after the Javanese.

The Batak tribe has several traditional houses, including; Karo traditional houses, Bolon, Mandailing, Pakpak, Angkola, Malay, Simalungun, and Nias traditional houses.

Well, below will be explained very completely. Check it out!

8 North Sumatra Traditional House

1. Karo Traditional House

Karo traditional house or Siwaluh Jabu traditional house is a North Sumatra traditional house inhabited by 8 families, and each family has its own role in the house.

Compared with other custom houses, this house belongs to the largest custom houses. The height of the Karo traditional house can reach 12 meters.

Uniquely, the placement of families in this traditional house is determined by custom, which consists of Jabu Jahe / Jabu Hilir, and Jabu Hulu.

Jabu Jahe itself is still divided into two parts, namely; Jabu Ujung Kayu and Jabu Rumah Sendipar Ujung Kayu.

2. Bolon Traditional House

The Bolon traditional house or Balai Batak Toba house is the only traditional house that has been recognized nationally as a symbol of the very iconic North Sumatran traditional house.

This traditional house is included in the stage category and has a rectangular shape, most of the buildings are also made of materials taken from nature.

The inhabitants of this customary house are usually 4-6 families, plus some farm animals, such as; pigs, chickens or goats that are raised in the house.

In the past, the Bolon traditional house was the residence of 13 Batak kings. However, over time this traditional house also became the traditional house of the community in general.

3. Mandailing Traditional House

The Mandailing traditional house or known as Bagas Godang is the original house of the Mandailing tribe of North Sumatra (Sumut) which is located on the border of Riau.

This traditional house is called Bagas Godang which means “Bagas” in the Mandailing language which means house, while “Godang” has many meanings.

Structurally, the Mandailing traditional house has a distinctive architectural style with a rectangular shape with an odd number of wooden supports.

For those of you who are visiting North Sumatra, you can visit Mandailing Natal to see firsthand the uniqueness of this traditional house. The area is located in the area of South Tapanuli Regency and Padang Lawas Regency.

4. Pakpak Traditional House

Pakpak traditional house or Dairi traditional house is a traditional house that has a distinctive shape where this building is made of wood material and the roof is of ijuk with the shape of an upside-down ship that curves.

This traditional house also referred to as Jerro represents the pakpak culture that is unique in every part of the building.

Like other traditional houses in North Sumatra, this Pakpak Tribe traditional house also has the shape of a stilt house with several strong pillars.

The two large poles located at the front of the house have the meaning of harmony between couples.

This traditional house has a unique building philosophy, namely; strong and brave to face anything to maintain Pakpak culture.

5. Angkola Traditional House

Angkola is a stand-alone Batak tribal group, but many people equate it with the Mandailing Batak tribe, even though the two are clearly not the same and have different traditional traditions.

Angkola traditional house or Bagas Godang is a traditional house that has a characteristic roof made of ijuk material with walls made of boards.

This traditional house also has a uniqueness, which is to always use a dominant black color for the entire building.

6. Malay traditional house

The Malay traditional house is one of the traditional houses that you can find in several areas of medan, such as; Langkat Regency, Deli Serdang Regency, Batu Bara Regency, Tebing Tinggi Regency, Serdang Begadai Regency (Sergei), and Labuhan Regency.

The characteristic of this traditional house is that the building is identical to the yellow / green color, with its floors and walls made of boards. While the roof is made of ijuk material.

7. Simalungun Traditional House

Simalungun traditional house or Balon house is the original house of the Simalungun tribe located in the pematang Siantar city area and Simalungun regency.

The design of this traditional house is quite unique compared to other stilt traditional houses, namely; has a fairly high house of about 2 meters which is used as a place to raise livestock and also a warehouse.

The floor and walls of this traditional house are made of wooden boards, while the roof is made of ijuk or rumbia leaves which are designed in the shape of a pyramid.

A distinctive feature of the Simalungun traditional house lies in the foot of the building made of logs that cross between corners.

The use of large wooden poles is what makes the traditional house firmly standing. It can even last for more than half a century even if in its manufacture it does not use nails.

8. Nias Traditional House

Nias traditional house or what is called Omo Hada is a traditional house inhabited by the community in general.

In addition, there are also nias houses with different designs, namely; Omo Seboa.

Omo Seboa is a traditional house that is a residence for the head of the country (Tuhenori), the village head (Salawa), or the nobility.

Omo Seboa has a characteristic saddle-shaped roof at the front and back with a height of 16 meters.

The Nias traditional house is in the form of a stage built on large and tall nibung wooden poles, with a base based on a rumbia.

This traditional house is divided into two parts, namely; the front to receive overnight guests and the back to be occupied by the homeowner’s family.

The shape of the Nias traditional houses is round telu, namely the West Nias, East Nias, and North Nias areas. Meanwhile, for the South Nias area, and Central Nias, the house is rectangular.

The uniqueness of nias traditional houses is that the foundation is directly stuck into the ground, with skeleton joints without using nails.

Thus the discussion about the traditional house of North Sumatra. We should be proud to be Indonesian citizens because we have traditional traditional houses inherited from our ancestors that still exist today. May it be useful!