The province of East Java in Indonesia is indeed famous for its thick philosophy of life, starting from its life, its environment, even from existing traditional houses.
Traditional houses are not just ordinary residential houses, but in each division they have their own meanings which symbolize hope and prayer to live life in this world.
The shape of traditional houses in East Java is similar to the shape of other traditional houses in the province of Central Java, except that they have different philosophical values.
One of the famous philosophies that until now is still firmly held by the people of East Java is “urip iku urup”, which means that life must benefit others.
The Uniqueness of the East Java Joglo Traditional House
If you look at it at a glance, traditional houses in East Java are indeed similar to Joglo houses in Central Java.
It’s just that the uniqueness of the Joglo Jawa Tiumur traditional house lies in the type of wood used, namely teak wood.
In addition, the roof design similar to the shape of this mountain is also a distinctive feature in itself.
The shape of the roof that resembles a mountain is certainly made with its own philosophy, where the mountain has a broad meaning and is full of meaning for life.
Not stopping there, the carvings on the roof, foundation, and walls also have meaning about how to live a good life.
The East Java Joglo House is also able to present a comfortable atmosphere for its residents.
Where the residents of the house will feel calm, cool, and comfortable with the arrangement of the building that makes air circulation very good.
Types of Joglo Traditional Houses in East Java
In general, there are three types of Joglo houses in the province of East Java.
The three buildings, of course, have different characters, characteristics, and architecture.
Sinom Joglo House
This East Java Joglo Sinom House has characteristics where the pillars of the building total 36 pillars with 4 main foundations commonly referred to as “saka guru”.
In addition, the middle roof is formed towering height compared to other Joglo roof designs.
This Joglo Sinom house has a smaller land area and building size when compared to other Joglo.
Joglo Pangrawit House
Every corner of the Joglo Pangrawit house building has a support pole with a towering roof and is slightly blunter when compared to Joglo Hageng and Joglo Sinom.
Pangrawit Joglo is usually built on a larger land and the building is also larger than Joglo Sinom.
Although it is bigger than Joglo Sinom, the size of Joglo Pangrawit is still smaller when compared to Joglo Hageng.
Joglo Hageng House
Rumah Joglo Hageng itself has the meaning of Big Joglo house, because Hageng in Indonesian means Big.
Because indeed, the land area and building area of Joglo Hageng is greater when compared to Joglo Sinom and Joglo Pangrawit.
This type of Joglo house is usually identical to its owner who is a nobleman or rich man in the East Java area.
The characteristic of the Joglo Hageng building that distinguishes it from other Joglo is that the roof is made shorter and blunter.
In addition, another uniqueness of Joglo Hageng is that the pillars are scattered in all corners of the house, its large yard, and its luxurious design.
Parts of the Joglo Traditional House of East Java
The East Java Joglo House itself is usually divided into six parts, where each part has its own meaning.
These parts are Pendopo, Emperan, Pringgitan, Omah Njero, Sentong, and Gadhok. Here’s the explanation:
The pavilion is located at the very front of the East Java Joglo complex, where this building is made without walls and only has supporting poles and a roof.
Usually in the middle of the pavilion, there are four main pillars which are useful for symbolizing the four cardinal directions.
The main function of this pavilion is as a place to receive guests, conduct meetings, hold traditional arts, and traditional ceremonies.
Almost the same as the pavilion, this section also has no walls or partitions, but it has a lot of pillars.
The Pringgitan section serves as a link between the pavilion section and the omah njero section.
Besides being useful as a liaison, this section is also usually used as a place to perform puppet shows.
Because the word Pringgit itself in Javanese means wayang or wayangan.
As the name suggests, this part is usually located at the front of the house with a shape like an emper in general and is equipped with tables and chairs.
This section serves as a place to relax, chat, and receive guests.
Omah Njero room is the inside of the house which is used as a place for family gatherings.
This room is very private, because only family members of the homeowner can enter this room.
Usually, the location of this building is right in the middle of the Joglo complex,
Meanwhile, the design of this building is very tight and there is a boundary wall between one room and another.
Sentong in Javanese means room.
There are three kinds of sentong in the East Java Joglo traditional house, namely:
Sentong tengen is a room located on the right side of the house building.
This room serves as a bed for a small child and both parents.
In addition, there are also those who use this tengen sentong as a place to store crops.
The central sentong is the main room and is considered sacred.
Sentong Tengah itself is usually used to store various valuable and historical items.
– Sentong Kiwa
Sentong Kiwa is located on the left side of the house. This room is useful as a bedroom for parents or elders in the house.
Usually this sentong is also directly connected to the back of the house.
Gandhok is an additional part of the house that is located at the very back.
This room is usually used as a warehouse to store various items of the homeowner.
Info: The kitchen part of a traditional house is very different from today’s house which is usually a minimalist kitchen.
List of East JavaNese Traditional Houses Other Than Joglo
In addition to the Joglo traditional house, in the province of East Java there are also five other traditional houses.
Dhurung Traditional House
This Dhurung traditional house has a hut-like shape which on the roof is made of tassels of pohan leaves.
This traditional house from East Java has a function as a place to rest after working in the fields or rice fields.
In addition, the Dhurung traditional house is also usually used as a place to socialize the surrounding community.
Dhurung itself is usually placed on the side or front of the house.
Although this building seems simple, but in fact this traditional house has a beautiful carving art.
Limasan Traditional House of Sari Emblem
The next East Javanese traditional house is the Limasan Lambang Sari.
The uniqueness of this traditional house lies in its pyramid-shaped roof, and there are poles with a total number of 16 poles.
This building also has one ridge which is useful for connecting 4 sides of the roof of the house.
Limasan Trajumas Lawakan Traditional House
The Limasan Trajumas Lawakan traditional house in East Java is a development of the ordinary Limasan house model, where in front of it there is already an emper or terrace.
In the middle of this house, there is a pole so that it forms two pieces of rongan on the inside.
The roof design of this traditional house consists of four sides, each side of which is two-sided.
In all, this traditional house has 20 support poles so that the building looks symmetrical.
While the materials used are usually from teak wood, jackfruit wood, glugu wood, and sonokeling wood.
Traditional House of the Tengger Tribe
The next East Javanese traditional house is the traditional house of the Tengger Tribe.
This traditional house was built by the indigenous people of the Tengger tribe on the slopes of Mount Bromo, Ranupane, Lumajang, East Java.
The structure of this traditional house consists of neatly arranged boards or logs, and the roof is made very high so that it seems like a mountain.
This traditional house also has only one or only one window.
Traditional Houses Using
The Using traditional house itself comes from the Banyuwangi area, east Java.
Using traditional houses are divided into three types, namely Tikel Balung, Crocogan, and Baresan.
The three types can be distinguished from the roof. Where in the Tikel Balung traditional house, the roof is four pieces, while in Baresan it consists of three roofs, and Crocogan consists of only two roofs.
The Joglo Traditional House of East Java is one of the most famous traditional houses, in which there are 6 parts of the room that have different functions.